1Nowadays, Obolonskiy district is one of the fastest growing areas of Kiev. The name of the district gave an Obolon area, located in its center. Throughout its short history, as for the urban area, Obolonskyi area many times changed its boundaries and names.

Since 1975, it was named Minskiy. This area bore this name for a relatively long time. In honor of the Belarusian capital it was called on account of a geographical location. If you look at the map, we see that relatively Kiev district is located towards Minsk.

The very title of Obolon (Obolon, Bologna) is an old Slavic name and denotes low flat riverside beach, river meadows, which are filled with the spring floods.

From time immemorial until the first half of the twentieth century Obolon took its origin from the area where the street Obolonska is now located, and extends through the shallow area between the hills Egor and the Dnieper, and then to Vyshgorod.

In ancient times, the geographical concept of “Bologna” and “Podolia” were very closely related. The first meant a rural part of the terrain, which is a grassland, steppes and meadows. At that time, “Podolia” meant populated, middle-class part of Kiev. Geographically, they were side by side, one near another, and seamlessly transited from one to another.

The first mention of settlements in the territory of modern Obolon is called the date of IV millennium BC. Monuments of ancient Zarubintsy culture were found in an area of 25,000 square meters., they were 918 outbuildings and 66 housing located in a small depression. The first mention of the “Bologna” in the ancient chronicles is dated by 1096. In those days this area hosted battles with the nomads, as well as the internecine battles of the Russian princes.

From well-known names who lived in the “Bologna”, in “Annals and describing the city of Kiev” of Nicholay Zakrevskiy several Golitsyn are mentioned. Also some Obolensky are outstanding, who became famous only for that they lived in the “grand style” and spent money, not knowing their accounts. But history knows many examples when such a lifestyle quickly and irreversibly leads people to beggary, and sometimes even more tragic consequences. So it was with a family Obolensky, who, after a lush and colorful life quickly went bankrupt, and most of them are unknown.

Historians also give in their writings another fact. Kyiv residents living in Podol and adjacent to the “Bologna” territories were exempt from the so-called treasury burdens by a decree of the Senate on February 4, 1749. The cause was a permanent destruction of the city defenses by the water masses. Each year, with the advent of spring, they were thoroughly washed out and needed repair.

For the duration of the Magdeburg Law (100001494-1834g.g.), a monument to what still stands on Podil, on the steppes of Obolon military exercises were conducted. From 70 years of XX century Obolon begins to be actively built up by an accelerated pace of Soviet industrialization. Very quickly a desert area turned into a built residential area with its own infrastructure.

But, paying tribute to the architects, we should say that in the pursuit of square meters of housing, they did not forget about leisure time of residents. Residents and visitors of a housing district today have an opportunity to spend time in a picturesque park, located along the banks of the Dnieper.

Using the definition of the word “Square” in dictionaries lets say that the Square is a greened and landscaped area within a residential area (district), which is designed for rest of the inhabitants of adjacent territories, as well as for leisurely walks with the children.

In Obolonsky park with linden alleys housed benches, where you can relax on a hot summer day, are located and your peace will be guarded by lions, comfortably perched on their edges.
One of the attractions of a park is a monument to Archangel Michael – the patron of Kiev.

To archangel Michael the prayers come for healing.

According to references in the Old and New Testament, the archangel Michael is the winner of the devil, witches and dark spirits, which are sources of all diseases and ailments.

In Asia Minor there are many springs, which are named in honor of St. Michael.

In the early fourth century Laodicean council decided to celebrate November 21 – the celebration of the Archangel Michael’s Cathedral and other angels and saints.

Today, a monument to Saint Michael reminds believers and strolling pedestrians of the Obolonky park that Kiev at all times is an ancient Christian town in which the Orthodox tradition are revered and multiplied.

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