2010 year, in October ,18, within the Desnyansky District The New Sun-clock in the form of Chestnut tree the symbol of Kyiv. This unusual dial that allows you to check your watches will be installed in the “Youth” park.
ABOUT THE MONUMENT, ITS IDEA AND NAMETREES
The sundial will be implemented in the form of a monument to the symbol of Kyiv – chestnut trees. An avenue of chestnut trees will be planted in the park in honor of the opening of sun-clocks. The point is that there would be not an ordinary chestnuts, but registered specimen. The parents of children who were born on June 1 this year will plant the trees.
A single tree will have the nameplate with a child’s name, surname and wishes and congratulations from parents and relatives. An interesting fact: the largest sundial in the territory of Ukraine have recently appeared in Makiivka (Donetsk region). The sundial are made in an intricate form with zodiac signs. The gnomon points to the Pole Star and the wind rose is oriented to the cardinal points.
KYIV IS THE CITY OF CHESTNUTS
For the first time the chestnuts were planted in Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra and then Kyivans spreaded them all over the city. According to another version the chestnuts were brought to the Balkans in 1842 by the governor-general Bibikov, who decided to surprise the Tsar Nicholay I and planted them on Shevchenko boulevard. Unfortunately, the tsar did not appreciate the endeavour and all chestnut trees were replaced with poplars on the same day. The cut down chestnuts were planted by Kyivans in their courtyards. For the first time the chestnuts appeared on the small emblem of Kyiv in 1969. Since then such an expression as ”Kyiv chestnut” has emerged. Why was a chestnut chosen? The inflorescence of chestnut leaves is not only beautiful, but it is also easy to be drawn. You can see the image of chestnut on the subway tokens and on the boxes of chocolates and cakes.
Anyway, today more than two million of three main chestnut specimen are growing at the territory of our capital. They are: the common buckeye, so called “nude”chestnut and red chestnut. At the Fomin botanical garden territory there are chestnuts of more than 200 years old. And the oldest chestnut ( Petro Mogyla’s chestnut) has been growing for 350 years near the Troitska Church in the middle of the Kitaevska desert. This chestnut is protected by law and was consecrated in 1994 by the father Miroslav.
THE SIGNIFICANCE AND USAGE OF CHES
The chestnut trees relate to the beech family. The chestnut has several species, the fruits of some of them are used for making the flour, cooking food and confectionaries. Its wood is used extensively in building and furniture manufacturing. But its greatest value become apparent in the landscape architecture. In medicine the decoction of chestnut bark is used as antipyretic if there are rheumatic diseases or as an astringent during gastritis and varicose veins.
A beautiful tree with a green ball-shaped crown is a wonderful decoration for any park. For our latitude the so-called flowering chestnut candles – cone-shaped inflorescence is common.
The address: Kyiv, Theodore Dreiser st. and Architect Nikolaev st.